Chess Basics

Chess Rules For Beginners

Chess is one of those eternal board games of all times. It is considered to be one of the most intellectual, mind-provoking and interesting games in the world that can gather two friends, relatives or even stranger together for hours.

Chess is not an easy game – it takes good and mathematical thinking skills so as to make the right and smart moves that’ll lead you to victory. However, practice and experience will get you there.

So, if you are a beginner in chess but are eager to learn it and become more or less a good player then you are in the right place. Below we will explain the basic chess rules and moves of the pieces in the simplest way:

  • Chess Board Layout: When setting up the chessboard, there should be a white colour square in the bottom right-hand side of each player. The chess pieces are arranged in the following way: the second row belongs to the pawns. The rooks go to the corners, the knights stand next to them, after which come the bishops and then the queen (keep in mind that the queen always stands on the square that matches her colour). The remaining square is meant for the king.
  • Moves: All the 6 different pieces move differently. They can’t move through one another and can’t move onto a square with one of their own pieces. The knight can jump over other pieces. The pieces can be moved to take the place of an opponent’s piece. The opponent’s piece in this case will be captured. Here is how each of the pieces moves:
  1. King Moves in Chess: Despite being the most important piece in chess, king is still the weakest and moves one square in any direction – up, down, to the sides and diagonally. An attack at the king by another piece is called “check”.
  2. Queen Moves in Chess: Queen is the strongest piece in chess. She moves in any one straight direction – forward, backward, sideways or diagonally. She can’t move through any of her own pieces.
  3. Rook Moves in Chess: The rook can move forward, backward and to the sides – it can go as far as it wants. Make sure your rooks do a great teamwork.
  4. Bishop Moves in Chess: The bishop moves only diagonally and can go as far as it wants. Each bishop must always stay on the colour on which it started the game.
  5. Knight Moves in Chess: Knights can move two squares in one direction and then make one more move at a 90 degree angle. The movement of a knight resembles the shape of an “L”. Knights can also move over other pieces.
  6. Pawn Moves in Chess: Pawns can move and capture in various ways: they go forward but capture diagonally. They can move one square at a time, except the very first move. The first move allows them to move forward two squares. Pawns can capture only one square diagonally. They neither move not capture backwards.

These are the basic rules that every beginner should know. The tactics of the game and a good play will come with practice as you keep learning and educating yourself in chess.

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